Different Painting Styles Used by Painters
Painting is one of the oldest forms of visual arts. It is the application of paint, colors, and other material. Most painters use painting to express their feelings. It also helps painters to deliver various messages. The word painting describes the act and the action’s result. Painting has various mediums. For instance, painters can paint on walls, glass, canvas, paper, and more. Besides, some extraordinary artists also use clay, gold leaf, sand, etc., for painting.
Additionally, the history of painting relates to religion. This expression was used as religious art in history. It started when people painted various mythological figures. They painted various scenes from Bible. Further, it expanded to the paintings of Buddha. And gradually, painters started using it on normal occasions. Painting has various elements. Each of these elements forms the overall painting. Such as the color and tone. Paint with the absence of color is nothing. It also has some non-traditional elements. Like, rhythm. Besides, painting has various styles. Different painters use different styles. In the following paragraphs, we have stated its famous types.
Modernism was a very famous style between 1860 and 1970. This style is open. It has no boundaries. Moreover, this style is completely different from the traditional. It indicates more creativity. In modernism, painters have an open hand. So, they can draw anything they want. Whatever thought they have. They can easily express it in this style.
The Chinese style is one of the renowned forms of art. It is extremely old. In this style, painters use calligraphy. Chinese artists introduced this style. They used a unique combination of silk and paper. The artists colored the ink on it. However, they never utilized oil paints. Additionally, this technique is still admired by modern artists. And in most parts of the world, painters use it in large quantities.
In abstract art, painters paint reality. It is also called the expression of reality. However, that reality will not be in its true form. Moreover, in this style, artists also produce radical thoughts.
Impressionism started in Paris. It was introduced in the 19th century. In the impressionism style, painters use any object. This object is normally ordinary. Afterward, they use thin brush strokes to paint. So, this style does not have a specific angle. Their angles are most unusual.
Paul Cezanne indirectly introduced the cubism painting style. In this style, painters use geometrical shapes to paint. It is also a form of abstract art. Moreover, this style is also used by modern artists. It is a very common style.
Expressionism is another form of abstract art. In this style, painters paint emotional circumstances. It shows human emotions. Moreover, it also portrays how a human feels. Expressionism incorporates various human expressions such as depression, sadness, happiness, and more.
Japanese Painting Style
In the Japanese painting style, painters only use black ink. Despite the single color, this painting is extremely amazing. The method used in this style gives amazing results. In the past, Japanese artists were inspired by various regional arts. So, the Japanese style of painting is a combination of Eastern, Chinese, and Western arts.
The surrealism form of arts started in France. It began through the surrealism movement in the 20th century. Surrealism is a very creative painting style. It contains an irrational juxtaposition of objects. Moreover, this style is combined with writing. Both the expression go hand in hand. Therefore, painters with creative minds often use this style.
The Indian style of painting normally runs around culture. It is a unique portrayal of culture. This style has various types. These types are:
As the name suggests, this style covers the life of Rajput kingdoms. The main themes of these paintings are love, romance, heroism, and devotion. Moreover, some of these paints also portrayed courtly life. Indian painters also used this art to paint their Gods. Therefore, some Rajput paintings also portray their Gods.
Mughal Miniature Paintings
In this style, painters normally portrayed the Mughal empire. It is series of paintings. It includes their lifestyle, pictures of kings and princes, and more. Artists paid high attention to details here. Their prime focus was on beauty. They used various colors to beautify the object.
A woman introduced this style. The artist belonged to Mithila, Bihar. The wall paintings inspired it. Bihar has a unique tradition of wall painting. They call it Bhitti-Chitra. She introduced this style using the same paintings. This style has become very famous in that region. And major artists in Bihar follow this style.
Tanjore paintings are a very important South Indian style. These paintings display the richness of culture. It has great attention to detail. Painters use various colors for it. Just like Rajput paintings, this one is also used for their Gods. They use this style to take pictures of their Gods.
Types of Paintings Painters Use
There are different types of paintings. The major ones are listed in the following paragraphs.
Bodegon is the type of painting that Spanish painters use. It is a still-life painting. They used pantry items, such as drinks, games, and victuals. They put these items on a stone slab and then painted them. This type started from the era of the Baroque.
Moreover, it was a very popular painting technique in the 17th century. You can still find this tradition in some places. Such as Netherlands and Belgium.
In the allegory, painters use figurative mode. They use figures to convey their message. These figures are not used in the literal sense. Moreover, these figures are different symbols. For example, the painting of Grim Reaper. It is made of symbolic characters. However, viewers can easily understand its message as it conveys the message of death.
The figure painting uses humans. In this type of painting, painters paint humans. It is a pure work of art. In some areas, artists use naked objects. Painting humans is an extremely old form. It has a long history. It went through various changes. The famous figure painters are Edgar Degas and Peter Paul Rubens.
The landscape painting covers various areas. For instance, trees, mountains, rivers, forests, and valleys, etc. These paintings contain natural sceneries. The objects in this painting have coherent composition. This painting tradition is old. It has long roots in history. Painters use this form even today.
In this type, artists use paint to illustrate different things. It is normally used in books, movies, and magazines. It is one of the most used types today. Most artists are admiring this form. Almost all exhibitions today display illustration paintings. Besides, some people also collect these paintings as a hobby.
Still Life Painting
Moreover, in still life painting, painters use still objects. These are normally natural objects, such as plants, flowers, shells, trees, food, etc. Besides, some artists also use other items. This includes vases, books, coins, and jewelry, etc. Still, painting has religious components in it. It was used as a form of religious display. However, during the 17th-century, artists started using it for other objects.
Portrait paintings resemble figure painting. It is also a painting of persons. However, in this typeface and expressions play a vital role. It displays human personality. Through these paintings, you can guess the mood of the object. It started with the Greeks. In the past, painters used this type to paint Roman sculptures. Afterward, it became famous, and now a large population of artists uses portrait painting.
Veduta is a very detailed version of the painting. Painters paint veduta on a large scale. For instance, a city. This painting type started in Flanders. Where artists painted large landscapes, these paintings were introduced in the 16th century. The modern veduta paintings started in the 19th century when artists gave a more personal impression of these paints.
Most Influential Painters in the World
There are a lot of painters in the world. However, some of them are highly famous. These artists made their name by their exceptional paints. In this article, we have provided details of the 15 best painters. These are listed below.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci is one of the most famous painters. He loved experimenting with the mediums. He made different compositions. Such as signature triangular composition. His compositions are still used today.
Moreover, his painting style was very pleasing. Despite being an advocate, Vinci made a great name in the arts. During his times, painting was illegal. However, he did not have many art collections. He made only 17 pieces of art. His most famous paints are Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. For seeing his masterpieces, you can visit some museums. Such as Louvre, National Gallery London, and Santa Maria Delle Grazie.
Artemisia Gentileschi is extremely popular for her Baroque paintings. She was the first famous female artist. She started painting at the age of 15. And slowly, her love for painting increased. Artemisia Gentileschi started making her exceptional pieces in the 17th century. During that time, she dominated the majority of the painters. She used rich colors in her paintings. Her trademark chiaroscuro also got very popular. Moreover, Artemisia Gentileschi displayed excellent skills. And her work was often inspired by her peer named Caravaggio. Her paintings are displayed in some famous museums. For example, Uffizi Galleries, Capodimonte Museum, and Pitti Palace. So, you can buy the ticket. And see her amazing pieces.
Michelangelo was a sculpture artist. However, his paintings are exceptional. He has one of the best painting collections. Michelangelo used fresco painting. He was a master in it. His two famous paintings are the Last Judgement and Sistine Chapel Ceiling.
Moreover, these paintings are still inspirations for painters today. If you are an art lover, then you can see some of his paints. These are displayed in various museums. For instance, Vatican Museums and Uffizi Galleries. However, you have to buy the tickets. But the money is worth it.
Rembrandt Van Rijn
Rembrandt is also known as the Dutch master. His paintings are extremely famous. Even most young painters today take him as inspiration. He has painted the vast majority of objects. For instance, landscapes and mythological and historical figures. The majority of his paintings contained genre scenes.
Moreover, Rembrandt also dominated Dutch art in the 17th century. He has excellent knowledge of light. He has mastered the perfect use of light.
Besides, Rembrandt had a very expressive approach, and all modern painters praise it. He often portrayed different Biblical characters. His paintings are displayed in the National Gallery, London, Rijksmuseum, and Metropolitan Museum of Arts.
Vincent Van Gogh
Vincent Van Gogh is a very influential Western painter. He is comparatively new. However, Vincent Van Gogh was not very successful commercially. However, he got famous after his death. His paintings expressed various emotions. That’s why modern painters love their arts.
Additionally, Vincent Van Gogh used bold colors. His paintings set the foundation of modern arts. One of its paintings, called Starry Nights, is loved by everyone. It is also recreated through drone technology. The paintings of Vincent are placed in Van Gogh Museum, Musee d’Orsay, and Museum of Modern Art.
The JMW Turner is known for his romantic paintings. He is also called the forerunner of modern-day art. His paintings came from Neo-classical paintings. JMW Turner has realistic work. He often portrayed reality. Painters today are very inspired by his works. He normally used oil paintings and watercolors. JMW Turner often experimented with various colors and light. His paintings also impressed the impressionist painters.
Moreover, the paintings of JMW Turner are available in different museums. You can view them in Fitzwilliam Museum, Tate Britain, and Yale Center for British Art.
Paul Cezanne is a post-impressionist painter. He had a very innovative approach to painting. He used new perspectives to paint. Moreover, he made his painting with a vivid color palette and brushstrokes. Paul Cezanne used geometric designs, and all his paints have the same structure. He followed the Cubism style of painting.
Paul Cezanne inspires the new generation of painters. That’s because of his cubism style. You can view some of his famous paintings in museums. Some examples are Musee d’Orsay, Hermitage Museum, and Museum of Modern Art.
Mary Cassatt was also an impressionist painter. She has played a vital role in shaping this style of painting. She often used bold colors and loose brushstrokes. Mary Cassatt often portrayed mothers and kids. And her main focus was on such subjects. She opened new doors of opportunities for female painters. One of her famous paintings is the Child’s bath. She has inspired a lot of young female painters.
Moreover, there are some best museums for Mary Cassatt’s paintings. For instance, Brooklyn Museum, Art Institute of Chicago, and National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Claude Monet was an impressionist painter. He has some well-known paints. For instance, Sunrise and Impression. He started the complete arts movement with his paints. Claude Monet also has a legacy of painting. His painting series called water lilies got very famous. Today’s impressionist painters take him as inspiration. His paintings are displayed in Musee de I’Orangerie, Musee d’Orsay, and the Museum of Fine Arts.
Tamara De Lempicka
Tamara De Lempicka is another famous female artist. She was a Polish painter. Her paintings were extremely famous during the 20th century. She was an impressionist at the beginning. However, with time, she formed her style. Tamara De Lempicka has excellent work quality. She used vivid colors. Besides, she also led Art Deco painting. Later she was called the Baroness with a Brush. She got this name because of her exceptional skills.
Tamara De Lempicka inspires a lot of painters today. Some of her exceptional paintings are displayed in museums. These museums are the National Museum of Women in Arts, the Metropolitan Museum of Arts, and Musee des Beaux-Arts de Nantes.
Frida Kahlo had a very intimidating painting style. She was a great painter of the 20th century. She often portrayed her cultural heritage. Pop culture painters love her paintings. And she has become an icon for them. Frida Kahlo made self-portraits. She paved the way for self-portraits. She taught female painters to express their inner emotions. She also brought Mexican culture to the world.
Additionally, some masterpieces of Froda Kahlo are displayed in museums. There are few museums you should visit. Such as La Casa Azul, Museo de Arte Moderno, and Museum of Modern Art.
Pablo Picasso worked in various styles. He moved in various styles. Additionally, the artist has around 20,000 paintings. Plus, he made a huge name in Western art. Pablo Picasso was also one of the painters behind the Cubism style. He was an expert in classical art. Moreover, Picasso also transformed his art into modern techniques.
Some of his paintings are displayed in Museu Picasso. Besides, you can also see his paintings in some other museums, such as the Museum of Modern Arts and the Reina Sofia Museum.
Georgia O’Keeffe is a pioneering artist. She has a very creative vision. Most of her work contains flower paintings. And she was considered a master in it. Moreover, Georgia O’Keeffe was the first American artist with abstract drawings. Her flower paintings have unique depictions. She taught painters the creativity of floral arts.
Moreover, Georgia O’Keeffe also brought attention to different regions. She used her paints to display various parts of the country, which is also one reason for her fame. The best place for seeing her paints is Georgia O’Keeffe Museum. Additionally, other places are the National Gallery of Arts and the Art Institute of Chicago.
Jackson Pollock had a very innovative style of painting. He used modern techniques in his paints. He was an abstract painter, and he created numerous abstract paints. Jackson Pollock is a revolutionary painter. He paints by using force. He splashes color and pours the paint to form his paintings. It is quite different from the traditional painting style. That’s why Jackson Pollock is an inspiration for new painters.
You can see his paintings in places like Tate Modern and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Besides, some of his paintings are also displayed in Peggy Guggenheim Collection. So, painters can visit any time to view his work.
Some Incredible Paintings for Young Painters
The paintings listed in this article are world-famous. Each of these paintings has great things to learn for painters. So, let’s study about them.
The Mona Lisa by Leonardo De Vinci
This painting was made between 1503 and 1517. This painting has inspired a lot of painters. It looks simple. However, this painting raised two major questions. Firstly, who is the subject? And secondly, why is the subject smiling? People have given a lot of theories regarding this painting. Some say that the subject is the wife of Florentine. While others state that she is the mother of Leonardo De Vinci. Moreover, Mona Lisa got famous due to her smile. It has enigmatic quality, which has made painters crazy.
This painting was the first nude painting. It was created between 1484 and 1486. Sandro shows the figure of a Goddess. She is considered the Goddess of love. This painting portrays the Greek myths.
The Girl with Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer
Johannes Vermeer painted it in 1665. It portrayed the picture of young and modern women. This picture is famous because of its real looks. It looks like a photograph. Some painters also argue if the painting is real. Some think that Vermeer used camera obscura for this picture. However, apart from the theories, this painting is fascinating. Moreover, theories say that she was the mate of Vermeer. This painting shows the exceptional skills of Vermeer. Painters appreciate his portrayal of her intimidating eyes.
The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh
As discussed above, Gogh is a very popular painter. And his Starry Nights painting has been loved by international painters. This painting displays the situation of Gogh. Besides, he painted it when he was in an asylum. That’s why the painting is the portrayal of his emotions. He has combined nature and emotions in this painting.
The Kiss by Gustav Klimt
Gustav Klimt created this paint between 1899 and 1910. This painting has unique patterns and styles. It is a blend of two types of painting. That are Veinna Jugendstill and Symbolism. This painting displays a mythical figure. Moreover, the gold leaf paintings had inspired the artist. And the painter also has a good collection of it.
Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1 by James Abbott McNeil Whistler
This painting shows the artist’s love for the arts. The artists gave it this name because he wanted arts for arts. James made this painting in 1871. The woman in this picture is James’ mother. He has a very rigid composition. He has used several expressions. James had other intentions behind this picture. However, it became famous for its portrayal of motherhood.
The Arnolfini Portrait by Jan van Eyck
The artist made this paint using oil paints. It portrays a merchant from Italy and a woman. Some painters state that this painting is a wedding contract. It shows some old traditions of marriage. However, the myth about marriage contracts is still a depiction. That’s what most painters got from it. But the reality is still unknown.
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte by Georges Seurat
This masterpiece displays the life of the working class. It shows the scene of suburban life. It is outside the city center. Seurat had a different way of painting. Her painting style differs from the other impressionist painters.
The Garden of Earthly Delights by Hieronymus Bosch
The Garden of Earthly Delights indicates Surrealism. It shows the acceptance of reality. The painter believed in God, Heaven, and Earth. And he portrayed his views through this painting. This painting has three scenes. And each scene tells a different story. This picture has good learning for young painters.
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon by Pablo Piccaso
It is one of the most popular paintings of the 20th century. It is a painting of the modern era. This painting is different from the traditional form of art. It contains allusions. Picasso learned this technique in Paris. Besides, in this picture, Picasso has used prostitutes as his subject.
The Harvesters by Pieter Bruegel the Elder
This painting contains some common harvesters. Pieter always used the common man as his subject. That’s why he got very famous among painters.
These are some of the great painters and paints. These are the inspiration for young artists.